Attachment styles derive from our first relationships with caregivers from birth to roughly age 2, and they influence how we relate and connect in relationships throughout our lives. As social mammals, our brains are wired to seek out and rely on relationships with others. Your attachment style represents strengths and weaknesses in terms of the types of relationships you form. Keeping your relationships healthy is essential to your emotional and physical health.
Advances in brain imaging techniques have allowed researchers to draw connections between relationships and how they affect respective areas of the human brain, in addition to the overlapping regions full of receptors that release oxytocin and vasopressin, two “feel-good” hormones. Furthermore, research has shown that romantic and maternal love can suppress areas of the brain responsible for negative emotions and social judgment, in a phenomenon known as cortical deactivation.